The predominant market class grown in the Northern Plains is Hard Red Spring Wheat (HRSW), though farmers also plant Hard Red Winter Wheat (HRWW) and Durum in some areas. In North America, HRSW is produced in a wider and more diverse geography than any other market class. Much of this diversity is due to the fact that HRSW does not require a vernalization cycle, giving it the ability to make the transition from vegetative to reproductive growth stage without a cold interlude. In 2012, 11.5 million acres of HRSW were planted in the United States (21% of the total wheat planted), equating to more than 500 million bushels produced. North Dakota farmers rank first in the production of HRSW in the US, with over 14,000 farms that grow the market class each year.
HRSW or “Dark Northern Spring (DNS)” is considered by many to be a specialty class, due to its strong gluten characteristics and high protein content. These unique production qualities enable end-users to produce fine breads, hard rolls and bagels. Mixed batch flour is also produced by combining high protein HRSW with lower protein market classes to improve loaf volume, dough handling, water absorption and other mixing characteristics. Aside from its role as an ingredient in food products, HRSW is also used in the production of laundry detergent, paper manufacturing and ethanol.
The Limagrain Cereal Seeds Northern Plains program is based in Fort Collins, Colorado. The program is headed by Senior Wheat Breeder Dr. Blake Cooper. LCS programs produce 2,500 new crosses annually, a proportion of which are HRSW lines. The most promising new crosses are quickly cycled through our Doubled Haploid program. During summer months, additional proprietary germplasm is field tested in more than a dozen nurseries located in ND, SD, MN, WA, MT, and ID. During winter months, rapid cycle germplasm progression occurs through our new Single Seed Descent facility in Fort Collins or in the field in Arizona. Additional technologies, such as Marker Assisted Selection (MAS), are used to produce varieties with specific genes that provide beneficial resistance to various pests and pathogens, as well as excellent end-use characteristics.
At Limagrain Cereal Seeds LLC, we stand behind the fact that all of our Northern Plains varieties have been extensively studied and field tested for consistency and performance across a wide range of environments and conditions long before they ever make their way to the farmer.
If you would like more information on any of our Northern Plains varieties, please click on the related variety name on the top right of this page or contact our sales manager for this region.