LCS Soft White Winter Wheat Varieties in Walla Walla, Washington
Hannah Kammeyer and Dr. Jay Kalous
Hi, and welcome to our Pacific Northwest virtual plot tour. Here, we'll be looking at commercially available soft white winter wheat varieties at our Walla Walla, Washington location. Walla Walla is where our PNW breeding program is stationed, so this is the biggest site that's managed. Planting started on October 25th and finished on November 13th. This footage, taken by our breeder Dr. Jay Kalous, was filmed on July 6th. This site has received about 11 inches of rainfall since January 1st and also received an additional three and a half to four inches of irrigation. My name is Hannah Kammeyer. I'm the LCS National Marketing Lead, and I'll be walking you through these varieties today.
Let's kick things off with our newest release, LCS Blackjack. LCS Blackjack has both a comprehensive disease package and excellent performance. LCS Blackjack is tolerant to stripe rust, crown rot and strawbreaker foot rot, and has intermediate tolerance to C-stripe and Septoria. However, one should be mindful of LCS Blackjack’s below average test weight. Nonetheless, LCS Blackjack’s intermediate height and maturity bodes well for high rainfall and irrigated production zones of Washington, Oregon and Idaho.
LCS Shine was a 2019 release that should have some certified seed available this fall. LCS Shine's a unique variety in the sense that it offers good northern adaptation under low rainfall conditions, but it's still early maturing. This is in part because LCS Shine is late to break dormancy. LCS Shine also offers good stripe rust tolerance and excellent C-stripe tolerance. Although the straw strength for LCS Shine is best intended for intermediate-to-low rainfall environments, this variety’s yield potential can flex under high rainfall condition as well.
LCS Ghost is another 2019 release that should have limited certified seed available this fall. LCS Ghost truly does have scary good yield potential. However, LCS Ghost can be winter-tender and lower on the test weight scale. So be mindful of the acres you place this variety in. With similar adaptation region to LCS Artdeco, even better yield potential and improved stripe rust tolerance, LCS Ghost is going to be an excellent option for blends in the Walla Walla Valley and beyond.
LCS Hulk is a variety that I would describe as dependable and well-rounded. Offering a diverse disease package, being tolerant to stripe rust, crown rot and C-stripe, LCS Hulk also has excellent test weight, consistently high falling number and offers a broad range of adaptation, performing well on the fringe of low rainfall and up into high rainfall production areas, such as the Palouse and Northern Idaho.
LCS Sonic was intended for low rainfall and northern adaptation. As you can see here, the variety is a little tall for the Walla Walla area. However, its excellent winter hardiness and good spring vigor makes LCS Sonic an ideal choice for the low rainfall producer along Highway 2. LCS Sonic also carries Pch-1 for strawbreaker foot rot, has good tolerance to C-stripe and stripe rust, and also has excellent end-use quality.
LCS Shark is an Artdeco derivative with soil-borne wheat mosaic virus tolerance. LCS Shark has shown excellent yield potential in the Walla Walla Valley, notably because of that soil-borne resistance. However, because of LCS Shark’s early maturity, it's also performed well in the low rainfall regions of eastern Oregon. In addition to soil-borne wheat mosaic tolerance, LCS Shark has also shown good stripe rust tolerance.
LCS Drive has gained a reputation for being the ideal variety underneath wheel lines, with a short stiff straw. However, with its early maturity, LCS Drive has shown good yield performance anywhere south of Dayton, Washington, including the Walla Walla Valley, as well as low-to-intermediate rainfall zones of eastern Oregon. LCS Drive also has good stripe rust tolerance and intermediate crown rot tolerance.
Some might consider LCS Artdeco to be the flagship variety for LCS's induction to the PNW soft white winter markets. So, many of you probably already know about this variety and its excellent yield potential. It consistently performs, year-in and year-out, hence its continued popularity in the Walla Walla Valley and beyond. LCS Artdeco is one of those unique varieties that, with its early maturity, will beat the heat and dry years and top yield trials then, but also offers that top-end yield potential when the moisture's there as well.
To continue with the theme of collaboration, Norwest Tandem was released as a joint variety between Limagrain Cereal Seeds and Oregon State University. Norwest Tandem is an intermediate-to-early maturing variety with a short, stiff straw. It performs well under low rainfall environments, but also has a great flex up into high rainfall performance, making this variety great in blends as well as the standalone option. It has consistent yield potential across rainfall environments as well as production years. Norwest Tandem also has good test weight, good tolerance to stripe rust as well as intermediate tolerance to crown rot and C-stripe.
Norwest Duet is another Oregon State University-Limagrain Cereal Seeds collaboration, and as you can see here in Walla Walla, with the height of this variety, it's intended for intermediate-to-low rainfall production. However, Norwest Duet does have excellent straw strength and top-end yield potential. Norwest Duet has excellent C-stripe tolerance and good stripe rust tolerance, as well as the winter-hardiness needed to perform along Highway 2 and Highway 395, where it’s really found a good fit over the last few years.
And that concludes our tour for soft white winter wheat in Walla Walla, Washington. If you're looking for information on varieties such as VI Bulldog, VI Frost or UI Magic, check out our footage on the Varsity Idaho collaborative varieties. We also have footage available from Reardan, Washington, as well as information on our hard red winter wheat varieties, including those in the CoAXium® Wheat Production System. If you have questions, please visit our website at LimagrainCerealSeeds.com. Thanks for watching.